The Emergence of Australia’s Business Migration Program and Entrepreneurial Diversity Policy

By Patrick Brownlee.

Published by The International Journal of Diversity in Organizations, Communities and Nations: Annual Review

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic Free Download

Australia’s immigration policy has always been an economic concern, whether in restricting Chinese merchants and labourers in the early 1900s, populating post-WWII Australia for large scale industrialisation, or facilitating Asian business migration in the 1980s and ‘90s. Up to the mid-1980s, however, immigration policy did not systematically require nor mobilise ethnicity as a productive resource, nor was ethnicity important to national consumption. This paper reflects on Australia’s entry into the global market-based economy through its combined immigration and multicultural policies. With the trend towards business and skilled migration programs an emergent feature of a number of industrialised economies at this time, the ‘quality’ of diversity assumed a significance hitherto irrelevant to economics of migration. By linking diversity with individual productivity, the paper problematises multicultural policymaking within neoliberal market economics.

Keywords: Multicultural Policy, Diversity, Globalisation, Neoliberalism, Australian Politics

The International Journal of Diversity in Organizations, Communities and Nations: Annual Review, Volume 12, 2012, pp.15-31. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.268MB).

Patrick Brownlee

PhD Candidate, Department of Political Economy, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia

Patrick Brownlee is a Ph.D. candidate in the Department of Political Economy at the University of Sydney, and Research Manager at the Faculty of Education and Social Work, University of Sydney. He has co-edited a number of publications on migration and multiculturalism largely for a UNESCO sponsored Social Transformations programme, has worked as a freelance journalist, and is currently writing his dissertation on the political economy of multiculturalism in Australia.